Möbelfakta meets market requirements with a complete and updated reference and labeling system.
The system is based on three requirement areas:
● Quality (technical requirements)
● Social responsibility
Möbelfakta's board is responsible for the content of Möbelfakta. The Criteria Council develops the criteria in accordance with the ISO 14024 standard, which means that the products meet environmental requirements set by an independent third party, that the requirements are continuously developed and that they are developed from a life cycle perspective. See further under Möbelfakta's criteria council, at the bottom.
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Information about latest changes
Möbelfakta's technical requirements are based on these standards. Products that meet Möbelfakta's requirements therefore also meet current standards, which facilitates marketing and when exporting furniture.
▸Use classes / test criteria
With regard to the technical requirements, there are five user environments in Möbelfakta as references for what the furniture can be tested and approved for:
● Domestic, incl. furniture for kitchen and bathroom
● Non-domestic environment, incl. furniture for kitchen and bathroom
● Office environment
Some furniture can be approved for more than one user environment.
There are six categories of criteria
● Safety / Function
● Surface resistance
● Fire / Flammability
Furniture that meets Möbelfakta's quality criteria is objectively inspected and verified. They are judged to withstand normal wear and tear and have the safety and function that can be required for the user environment for which they have been tested and approved.
There are different types of verificates linked to the different criteria in Möbelfakta as below.
▸ Testing institute
There are testing institutes throughout Europe, which check technical requirements for furniture. Some specialize in "Safety & function (1.1), others in the furniture's textile and upholstery (1.5), while some have expertise in all test criteria. The pdf file on the right contains a table of testing institutes and laboratories in Europe.
Möbelfakta's environmental requirements are based on the Procurement Authority's criteria for public procurement of furniture. The procurement authority provides support by developing and disseminating knowledge, tools and methods for public procurement. The environmental criteria are divided into mandatory material requirements and mandatory product requirements.
The material requirements mainly concern raw materials and components used in the manufacture of the furniture, while the product requirements concern the finished furniture. The material requirements include requirements that wood raw material must originate from legal and acceptable sources.
Furthermore, requirements are placed on a number of chemicals that should be minimized or completely avoided in boards, textiles / leather, plastics / rubber, upholstery materials, adhesives and metals as well as products intended for surface treatment.
The product requirements, on the other hand, apply to the furniture itself and include requirements for labeling, spare parts, product information, maintenance instructions and packaging.
The furniture manufacturer must be able to present a comprehensive documentation that proves that the environmental requirements are complied with.
In most cases, especially regarding material requirements, subcontractors must produce the necessary documentation to demonstrate that the requirements are met. With regard to product requirements, it is usually the furniture manufacturer himself who must produce the necessary documentation or, where applicable, certify that measures have been taken to meet the requirements.
The furniture manufacturer must take into account a number of social and ethical aspects, including its responsibilities towards workers and the conditions prevailing during production. The starting point is the UN guidelines on the "Code of Conduct" and Möbelfakta's requirements for Social Responsibility are formulated on the basis of the UN's Global Compact.
The CEO or Chairman of the Board must certify that the company, through systematic * work, ensures that the furniture and the components ** are manufactured in accordance with the requirements within Social Responsibility in Möbelfakta's requirements specification.
* For a description of what systematic work entails, see Möbelfakta's "Guide for social responsibility". (under Declaration)
** Standardised components such as screws, washers, staples, floor pads, etc. are exempted.
"The Global Compact"
At the World Economic Forum in Davos in 1999, the UN Secretary-General at the time, Kofi Annan, called on business to take global responsibility. Kofi Annan's initiative led to the formation of "The Global Compact" - ten principles on human rights, labor law issues, the environment and corruption aimed at companies. The principles are based on the UN Declaration of Human Rights, the ILO's fundamental human rights conventions in working life, the Rio Declaration and the UN Convention against Corruption. Möbelfakta also includes requirements for a good working environment.
The furniture manufacturer must be able to present a comprehensive documentation that proves that the criteria in Möbelfakta's requirements regarding social responsibility are followed.
Möbelfakta offers support
To support the work with social responsibility, the following are available:
● Möbelfakta's "Guide Social responsibility"
● Möbelfakta training courses
● Risk analysis, incl. land risk analysis
See link tips under the section Risk analysis in this guide.
● Risk analysis, example template
See examples of templates for risk analysis of the furniture and its constituent parts and materials.
● Möbelfakta's "Subcontracting certificate Social responsibility"
This document can be used for those companies that do not set their own requirements for
the suppliers corresponding to Social responsibility in Möbelfakta's requirements specification.
● Möbelfaktas Declaration / Möbelfaktas Requirements specification
The questions can be used as a self-evaluation form for agents and wholesalers.
● Questions for initial supplier evaluation "Möbelfakta Initial assessment of suppliers"
● Checklist Social responsibility "Basic social compliance checklist Möbelfakta"
A simpler checklist that the furniture company can use for its own supplier visits.
▸ Systematic work with social responsibility
Möbelfakta require an environmental policy, a written environmental document or an environmental management system that shows the furniture company's level of ambition around the environment.
The environmental policy must be in writing and designed so that it briefly but powerfully and clearly summarizes the company's view of environmental work. It must report the level of ambition and the company's way of working with environmental issues.
How comprehensive the company's environmental policy is is decided by the company itself. Some companies choose to have an environmental policy that covers five points, others have an environmental policy that extends over several pages. A good basis to stand on is that the policy must be possible to follow and therefore not cover more than the company is really capable of. The level of ambition must be achievable.
The goal of the environmental policy is:
● to describe the company's visions, principles and long-term focus for environmental work.
● to indicate the level of ambition of the business.
● to show the business' common values in environmental issues.
● to state the overall guidelines for how the work with the environment is to be conducted in the organization.
● to provide a basis for environmental goals and action plans.
▸ Compliance with requirements
Audits are conducted both at the producer and at its subcontractors.
Full transparency is expected from the furniture manufacturer with regard to how the content of the requirements specification is complied with. In the event that a furniture manufacturer or its supplier violates the requirements, corrective measures must be taken.
A corrective measure means that a furniture manufacturer ensures that its own company, or supplier, rectifies the deviation as quickly as possible.
The documents are optional to use.
Möbelfakta's criteria council
Möbelfakta's external criteria council has the task of ensuring that relevant and current criteria are set, based on external analysis, expert competence and the interests of the industry and contracting parties.
The criteria must be continuously updated in relation to new science and new legal and market requirements, as well as standardization. Monitoring and comparisons with other labeling systems are also an important part of the Council's work.
Möbelfakta's criteria council meets at least twice a year.